Industry Info

What is the main ingredient in fertilizer? What does it do?

The main nitrogenous fertilizer is ammonia. Other nitrogen fertilizers include ammonium nitrate and calcium ammonium nitrate.

Phosphorus helps plants grow strong root systems that promote flowering and fruiting. Phosphorus plays an important role in energy metabolism, respiration, photosynthesis, enzyme regulation and nitrogen fixation.

Potassium, commonly referred to as potash fertilizer, is necessary for plant reproduction and optimal development. It improves drought resistance and activates enzymes in plants. It also plays an important role in photosynthesis, protein and starch synthesis. Potassium fertilizers include potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate and potassium chloride. Fertilizer also contains three secondary macronutrients: calcium, magnesium and sulfur. These nutrients are necessary for optimal plant growth. They help plants produce more fruit, flowers or leaves.

Fertilizers also contain trace elements, or trace elements, that are already present in all soil types. These nutrients are required in small quantities and can be obtained by recycling organic material such as leaves. They include iron, zinc, boron, manganese, copper, silicon, vanadium and cobalt.

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