Moisture: The moisture content should be controlled within 50%-60%. For example, when you squeeze a handful of compost material, it should feel like a wet sponge; it wets your hand, without swimming high droplets. If the moisture is too high, the horse manure may be mixed with swelling materials such as straw, leaves or hay, and you can also choose a solid-liquid separator to quickly dehydrate the horse manure,
Oxygen and temperature: The most suitable temperature range is 54 ° C - 66 ° C or higher, most of the internal insects, many weed seeds and cane larvae in horse manure materials can be killed. But if it is higher than 71 ° C, microorganisms will also be killed. Therefore, oxygen and temperature levels must be adjusted by turning or flipping the compost pile with a composter on a regular basis, such as about twice a week. The compost turning machine speed up the composting process by physically turning manure and providing a constant flow of air process, there by improving composting quality and efficiency.
C:N Ratio: Carbon and Nitrogen are two basic elements in compost. For microorganisms, carbon (C) is the main source of energy, while nitrogen (N) is always available to form proteins. To ensure successful horse manure composting, one should ensure that the ratio of C and N is balanced (here it can range between 25:1 and 30:1).
Compost: For better fermentation, the horse manure pile should not be too small or too short. Generally speaking, the height of the pile is about 1.5m, the weight is about 2m, and the length can be selected according to the on-site composting environment, so that the compost turner can be used handy.
Commercial composting always requires time, effort, space, and even associated equipment to properly compost. Microorganisms responsible for composting need food, water, air and proper temperature. Our company is a professional fertilizer machine manufacturers, welcome to consult.